In a supply chain, it’s the movement of goods from one location to another.

As an example, one location might be the place where you source raw materials or where you source goods from a manufacturing facility. We call such a location a node in the supply chain. There is then a series of such nodes or locations to finally get to the end customer.
Whether you call it transport or transportation just depends on which country you come from. In America, they tend to use the word “transportation” more. But, What about the Other Terms Used In the Freight Transport Sector? What can you say about it?