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  • Pallet rack height

    Does anybody know about (national / international) standards for the height of pallet racks?

    If not, I would also be keen to hear of your own experience from your companies' or 3PL warehouses, that means what is the height of the pallet racks there?

    Many thanks in advance!

  • #2
    Re: Pallet rack height

    It depends on the normal pallets you have in your warehouse, the most wharehouse i have been in have a mix of sizes, first level have 1.5 m i hight to support the high stacked pallets, other levels have 1 meter between the bars

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    • #3
      Re: Pallet rack height

      Thanks a lot for your contribution! Anybody else who could give some input for this topic?

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      • #4
        Re: Pallet rack height

        Hi,

        The pallet height between racks are best driven by the line of business to be supported and serviced by the 3PL warehouse. As pallet stacking is very much dependent on the products, I have come across varied staking patterns based on the products - a few examples:
        - vertified tiles / floor tiles can be stacked up to 2/3 pallets vertically at a pallet
        location..
        - the personal care products - soaps, detergents, deodorants etc. - the height can vary depending on whether the pallets are shrinked wrapped or not.
        - lighter products like diapers, napkins, paper towels, plastic bowls & cans can be stacked up to greater heights, if shrinked wrapped, as it will permit the weight limit of the pallet, but height limit of rack and stacking stability will be the limitation

        So it is the proposed product and their stacking limit on the pallet will determine the height requirement between the racks.

        Generally products that are qualified for lower racks -fragile and heavy materials, so lower height may follow standard 1 mt to 1.5 mts distance.

        the higher racks are meant for lighter and non-fragile items, so top two racks can be of greater height capacity.

        Between the extremes, some racks can be standard and some a bit above standard height to ensure greater pallet utilization.

        Sombhit

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        • #5
          Re: Pallet rack height

          Hi JL,

          Good points by everyone. I recommend you also take a look at the mix of inbound pallets coming into the facility. The most efficient use of space and labor, while preventing product damage and safety issues is to configure your facility so most pallets received and stored utilize the majority of space available in a location. If your facility is like most, it may receive a wide variety of taller and shorter pallet heights (e.g. as low as 36" or 1 meter and as tall as 100" or 2.5 meters). If this is the case, by analyzing what is coming into the facility and actual storage needs, you will want to configure the rack heights to accommodate plenty of shorter pallets. For instance, if a facility is configured with 100% 2 and 2.5 meter rack locations and 30% of the volume is 1-1.5 meters, this will result in a high % of wasted space. I hope this makes sense.

          Thanks, John Allaire

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          • #6
            Re: Pallet rack height

            Metalshelvings.com is a top supplier of pallet racks, industrial pallet racking, pallet storage racks, supermarket racks and heavy duty racks.

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            • #7
              Pallet Rack

              When i Google it, this is what the answer i got- Add the height of the load and the height of the pallet together for the total.

              Pallet Racks and more from Mid West Rack manufactures four different styles of storage rack, with a vast array of systems to choose from. You can buy and sell used rack, shelving and conveyor systems. For Pallet Racks visit mwrackmfg.com/

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              • #8
                Re: Pallet Rack

                It should be 13m high.

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                • #9
                  Re: Pallet rack height

                  One increasingly popular option for warehouses is a push back rack system. This is a way to store pallets so that they automatically restock after picking a single Pallet Rack cuttingedge.in/heavy-duty-racks.php

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                  • #10
                    Re: Pallet Rack

                    Originally posted by silliker View Post
                    It should be 13m high.
                    An interesting response........is that for all warehouses ?
                    Regards

                    Top Link - Site Founder

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                    • #11
                      Re: Pallet rack height

                      Originally posted by JL View Post
                      Does anybody know about (national / international) standards for the height of pallet racks?

                      If not, I would also be keen to hear of your own experience from your companies' or 3PL warehouses, that means what is the height of the pallet racks there?

                      Many thanks in advance!
                      This is rather like asking:

                      How high is a House?........or
                      How long is a Bus?

                      International standards in themselves are fairly complex and I would suggest you seek profressional advice before considering an installation.

                      As for determining the 'required' height of racking (as opposed to the legal limit), again that requires some skill and experience, but simplistically (very) it goes like this.

                      What is the height of the pallets to be stored? These may vary by level.
                      Add a 'gap' above that, to allow for space when moving pallets in and out of the rack.
                      Add the height of the racking 'beam' on which the pallet sits.
                      That will give you the height of one 'layer'

                      Then based on the clear roof height within the warehouse, you can determine the number of 'layers' or levels of racking that will fit. But remember that few warehouses have a standard clear space between the floor and the roof. Roofs are rarely flat. So racking heights may need to vary.

                      Also the higher you go, the more 'gap' should be allowed for pallet movement as it can be harder to judge distance at greater hieghts.

                      You also need to consider what materials handling equipment will be used within the racking configuration. Again, the higher you go, the higher spec is required in terms of forklifts and floor construction. Higher racks may require reinforced floors and 'superflat' floors. Superflat floors reduce the about of mast 'sway' when a forklift is operating at greater heights. At greater heights, rail guided 'narrow' aisle forklifts are usually the best option.
                      Regards

                      Top Link - Site Founder

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                      • #12
                        Re: Pallet Rack

                        Pallet sizes vary across regions and countries. Here are few summary about pallet range, including pallet dimensions and country availability. Visit link to know about pallet size in term of their dimensions and country availability http://www.chep.com/Pallets/Pallet_sizes/
                        Storage Dorset ,Packing and Removal Services London

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                        • #13

                          Tips On How To Decide Pallet Racking

                          1. How to determine the width and depth of pallet racking?

                          A pallet and its entry side determines the width and depth of a pallet racking. Four-way entry pallets permit entry of forks from each side, two-way entry pallets only permit entry of forks from two opposite directions only. A 2-way entry pallets will restrict the direction you place the pallets on the racking.

                          For two pallets per beam level, a 2300(W) x 1000mm(D) rack is suitable for placing typical 1200 x 1000mm pallets with entry side at 1000mm direction:


                          Top view of a 2300(W) x 1000mm(D) rack

                          Make sure the pallets should overhang beams at least 50mm to 100mm at each end. Clearance of 70mm to 100mm between adjacent pallets and pallet and upright.should be allowed. If the entry side of the pallets is at 1200mm direction, a rack of 2700(W) x 900mm(D) will be used:


                          Top view of a 2700(W) x 900mm(D) rack


                          2. How to decide the beam level of a rack?

                          The height of your palletized load is needed for deciding the beam level. And the height of your palletized load is the sum of the height of loaded goods and the pallet itself. A clearance of 100mm should be allowed between the top of the load and the underside of the beam to enable the lifting action of forklift.


                          Allows clearance of 100mm for lifting


                          3. How to determine the height of pallet racking?

                          First of all, the height of the top beam must be reached by your forklift truck. then the height of the rack with palletized goods should not exceed the height of the building. When deciding the height of the top beam, make sure there is enough space for storing goods beneath the ceiling.

                          4. How to determine the aisle width between racking?

                          The aisle width is the distance between racks. The turning radius of the forklift truck determines the width of the aisle。"working aisle" width which is the clearance between palletized goods after put on the racking. The aisle width is determined by the turning radius of the forklift truck. Forklift truck requires wider aisle than reach truck.

                          Although a minimum aisle width is suggested by forklift manufacturer, it is advisable for actual layout design to increase the width by approximately at least 200mm. For instance, a counter balance forklift of 3.0T capacity needs approximately 3,500mm to operate, however it`s necessary to take into consideration the pallet size, the bigger the pallet is, the bigger the aisle width is.

                          Above words are from
                          Lovsteel Rack Supply`s website, you may visit for details.

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                          • #14
                            Very helpful.

                            The overall height of course, is determined by specification of the steel for the racking.
                            Some tall 'high bay' warehouses are really just racking........with some walls and a roof attached!
                            Regards

                            Top Link - Site Founder

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                            • #15
                              The warehouse building goes a very long way in determining the height of the pallet used. So, the higher the warehouse is, the more likely the pallets used is to be higher.

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